Philippines. Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines, by. John T. Sidel. California: Stanford University Press, xii + US$, cloth. Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines, by John T. Sidel, Stanford: Stanford University Press, East-West Center Series on Contemporary. Capital, coercion, and crime: bossism in the Philippines This book focuses on local bossism, a common political phenomenon where local.
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Browse related items Start at call number: In the case of the Philippines, it is clear that certain cultural factors configure social and political relations between bosses and their supporters, as well as within a given network of bosses. Contemporary Issues in Asia and the Pacific.
Capital, coercion, and crime: bossism in the Philippines – LSE Research Online
The contrast between single-generation gangster politicians in Cavite and enduring commercial dynasties in Cebu reveals variation in the forms of bossism tue reflect variations in the local political economies of the capitwl provinces. Examples of bossism include Old Corruption in eighteenth-century England, urban political machines in the United States, caciques in Latin America, the Mafia in Southern Italy, and today s gangster politicians in such countries as India, Russia, and Thailand.
In fact, when bossism in other countries is considered, the key culprit seems to coercionn, not a particular structural flaw in the development of national institutions, but electoral democracy itself. Sidel is to be commended for this highly objective analysis of Philippine bossism, and an honest portrayal of the predation and violence that pervade the electoral system.
Bossism in the Philippines, by John T. The story that Sidel tells is neither contrived nor sensationalized.
Sidel has written a superb and pioneering analysis that defines the future course for studies of local elites–not only coerciob the Philippines but elsewhere as well. Poverty and insecurity leave many voters vulnerable to clientelist, coercive, and financial pressure, and the state’s central role in capital accumulation provides the basis for local bosses’ economic empires and political machines.
Knowing this, it becomes entirely conceivable that some bosses remain in power simply because they are legitimately re-elected. Xoercion between bosses over successive historical periods highlight the gradual transformation of bossism through capitalist development. Capital, coercion, and crime: In other words, the system is not broken — rather, it is a runaway success.
Ruud, and Clarinda Still. The book elaborates these arguments through case studies of bosses in two Philippine provinces, Cavite and Cebu. A reader might infer from such statements that centralized authoritarian rule, by the coercino or by traditional elites, is the antidote to bossism, and that it is preferable to an electoral democracy in which citizens might be coerced or duped into electing the wrong people.
Without acknowledging the local cultural context in which a state bbossism operates, the explanatory power of any political theory will be severely limited. User Review – Flag as inappropriate Politacal Milestone. The author, by contrast, argues that the roots of bossism in the Philippines lie in capigal inauguration of formal democratic institutions at a relatively early stage of capitalist bossis. Agrarian Conflict in 20th-Century Luzon.
The book elaborates these arguments through case studies of bosses in two Philippine provinces, Cavite and Cebu. However, Filipino voters, with their indigenous cultural constructs, remain the most important locus for change, as it is they who must evaluate and deconstruct this state apparatus in order to effectively contradict, destabilize, and subvert the institution of bossism.
However, with the demise of parliamentary rule and the onset of martial law inand the inception of military rule ina centralized bureaucratic state emerged to subordinate local aristocracies, magnates, and gangsters alike [ Such a radical notion will prove jarring to many, but it certainly explains why some politicians in the Philippines cannot seem to help enriching themselves while in office.
References to this book Everyday Politics in the Philippines: This is because bossism both relies upon and reinforces the deplorable status quo in terms of widespread poverty, inequality, landlessness, lawlessness, and other socio-economic ills. Probing beneath the superficialities of election rituals, Sidel discovers the dynamics of a political-economic process of systemic coercion and corruption that may trouble the democratic transition in many newer nations and regies for decades to come.
SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Contents Bossism and State Formation.
The book elaborates these arguments through case studies of bosses in two Philippine provinces, Cavite and Cebu. Although an electoral democracy allows bossism to fester, it can also be its downfall.
Kerkvliet Limited preview – Capital, Coercion, and Crime. Indeed, the idea that voters support bosses mainly because of their charisma and noblesse oblige is ridiculous when we face the stark reality of boss violence.
Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines – John Thayer Sidel – Google Books
Secret Trades, Porous Borders: Portrayals of a weak state captured by a landed oligarchy have similarly neglected the enduring institutional legacies of American colonial rule and the importance of state resources for the accumulation of wealth and power in the Philippines. Stanford University Press Amazon. Local bossism flourished in Burma during the early postindependence period of parliamentary rule, but faded at least in Burma bosxism with the imposition of centralized military rule in Help Center Find new research papers in: Yet writings on Filipino political culture and patron-client relations have ignored the role of coercion in shaping electoral competition and social relations.
Physical description p. This book focuses on local bossism, a common political phenomenon where local power brokers achieve monopolistic control over an area’s coercive and economic resources.