Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.

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The chloroform extract ameliorated all signs associated with adjuvant-induced polyarthritis in rats. Sfer last compound showed an ability to potentiate in vitro cisplatin cytotoxicity in a human colon cancer cell line. The male albino Wistar rats were left to acclimatize for 14 days.

The organ weights were taken. Effect of different doses of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests.

The present study revealed another possible mechanism of Costus afer on diabetes, based on glycolytic enzyme inhibition and antioxidant properties. On the 28 th night, the rats were fasted and on the 29 th day they were sacrificed under ether anesthesia and their livers and kidneys were harvested.

BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. These inhibitory activities correlated with a concentration effect on their antioxidant capacities. Right plant wrong place. Flora of tropical East Africa. The pulped stems taken in water are strongly diuretic.


For more information about QR Codes click here. The debarked stem is chewed to alleviate nausea and quench thirst[ 46]. Whole blood was obtained from ocular orbit vein from each of the rats, collected into heparinized bottles and the blood samples plasma were analyzed for the activity of the biochemical parameters of the kidney renal function tests and liver liver function tests.

The degree of inflammation observed was dose dependent. Sesquiterpenoids were the most abundant group of volatile compounds in the essential oil of Costus afer leaves from western Nigeria, with sesquilavandulyl acetate A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae Zingiberales.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

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The use of medicinal ader in Nigeria has significantly increased over recent years as it is easily accessible, cheap and the strong belief that herbal remedies are natural and therefore non toxic. Medicinal plants used by the Masango people in Gabon. Rhizome pulp is applied to abscesses and ulcers to mature them, applied to teeth to cure toothache, and mixed with water it is taken to treat diarrhoea and amoebic dysentery.

A blue color indicated the presence of hydrolysable tannins.

Costus afer – Useful Tropical Plants

Reduction in Cosths and increase in TG are indications of diminished synthetic function of the liver or might be due to impaired hepatocellular function. A rhizome decoction or the raw rhizome is taken to treat leprosy and venereal diseases. Flora of West Tropical Africa.

Inhibitory effect of solvent extracts from different parts of C. Some of these bioactive components possess antioxidant activities and antidiabetic activities.


Control of blood glucose level is imperative in the management of diabetes. The stem xostus is used to treat jaundice and to prevent miscarriage[ ]. Bush cane, ginger lily, spiral ginger En.

Costus – Wikipedia

A papaverine-like alkaloid is found in the rhizome which causes relaxation of smooth muscle and is anti-spasmodic, diuretic and central nervous system depressant[ ]. Repeated dose oral toxicity test method.

Externally, the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye troubles and as nose drops to treat headache with vertigo[ ]. Thus, plants or compounds with both hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties could be useful antidiabetic agents.

Five drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid were added to the aqueous extract in a test tube and the change in color was observed; a red color indicated the presence of anthocyanins.

Costus afer

Sample identification The plant was identified and authenticated by A. The bedding of the cages sawdust was changed daily and the cage also washed and disinfected weekly. Blood urea nitrogen BUN and creatinine are considered as the traditional indicators of kidney damage, however, no change was observed in BUN and creatinine levels in our study.