Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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From August to Novemberwe estimated the number of cochineal per stem in the plantation and determined its spatial distribution pattern.

Dactylopius – Wikipedia

Host specificity of biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Use of biodegradable products for the control of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are dactyloius available in the web browser that you are using.

Aetalionidae Cicadellidae leafhoppers Melizoderidae Membracidae typical treehoppers, thorn bugs Myerslopiidae. Dactylopiidae crawlers on Opuntia ficus-indica.

Dactylopiks consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Dactylopiidae and identification of the symbiotic bacteria. It is processed to produce the pigment carmine, which has long been used as a red food coloring and a natural dye for textiles. Xactylopius and habitat in Mexico of Dactylopius Costa Hemiptera: Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal. Host-plant affinities of two biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: The insect has been domesticated and is reared for its product.

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.


Cicadidae Tettigarctidae hairy cicadas. Dactylopius is a genus of insect in the superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Florida Entomologist 97 8: From Wikipedia, the dactylopiud encyclopedia.

Cochineals live on cactus plants, especially prickly pears Opuntia spp. Females and nymphs secrete and cover themselves with white waxy filamentous secretions. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Helotrephidae Pleidae pygmy backswimmers.

Dactylopius opuntiae

Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Six species that prey on cochineal were identified. Dactylopius Costa[1]. Hemiptera of South America Scale insects. Suborder Sternorrhyncha Aleyrodoidea Aleyrodidae whiteflies. In addition to the nine that long composed the genus, D. Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Taxonomic placing: Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society 55 2 We identified the cochineal predators and determined the correlation in their abundances.

Suborder Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha. Articles with Spanish-language external links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

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The females attach themselves to the plants and remain there for the rest of their lives. Enemigos naturales de Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus—indica L. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.

Titrimetric and polarographic determination of carminic acid and its quantification in cochineal Dactylopius coccus extracts. This page was last edited on 8 Augustat The feeding of the scale induces yellow areas on the cladode within a few weeks, subsequently causing its drop. No insecticides have dactylopiuz used on this plantation sinceand local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects dactyoopius the growth of the wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiaeCockerellwhich is one of the main pests in this crop.


Further insecticide opuntiaw for the control of Cactoblastis cactorum Lepidoptera: The genus is native to the Americas, with some originating in South America and the others in North Americaincluding Mexico and the southwestern United States.

This genus is monophyletic. Some crawlers settle nearby, but most move to the highest point of the cladode to be wind-dispersed, their wax threads providing buoyancy. Retrieved from ” https: Neotropical Entomology 40 1 Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat dactylo;ius.

Laetilia coccidivoraandHyperaspis trifurcatawere the most active and their abundance was opuntiaw correlated with the opuniae of cochineal. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. Gelastocoridae toad bugs Ochteridae velvety shore bugs. Dactylopius coccusthe true cochineal, is the species most commonly used today and historically, because it has a higher carminic acid content and yields a better quality pigment than its congeners.

Several organic compounds have been applied against the pest, including neutral detergent concentrations, cassava starch, liquid wastes, terpenoids, mineral oils and neemwhich was the most efficient.

Hebridae velvet water bugs. Pyrrhocoridae red bugs, cotton stainers Largidae bordered plant bugs. Archived at the Wayback Machine.